The independent resource on global security

Commentary

Essays

As world leaders gather in New York for the opening of the 77th session of the United Nations General Assembly, far too many security key indicators are heading in a dangerous direction. We can, and must, turn them around.

The latest review cycle of the 1968 Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) reached an unsatisfactory conclusion on 26 August, when the Russian delegation blocked agreement on a final outcome document. Yet the challenges facing the NPT lie much deeper than the current tensions over Ukraine. Myriad obstacles to progress on disarmament will ultimately need to be addressed outside of NPT meetings.

There is an urgent need for the world to come together to address the intertwined environment and security crises, and to deal with the risks they create. This essay draws on research under SIPRI's Environment of Peace initiative and on the authors' own experience of international diplomacy to explore where international cooperation is most needed, and how it could be strengthened.

Dan Smith, Dr Geoffrey D. Dabelko , Caspar Trimmer , Hafsa Maalim, Richard Black, Cedric de Coning and Melvis Ndiloseh

Last week saw the launch of SIPRI’s major policy report Environment of Peace: Security in a New Era of Risk, looking at how to manage the growing risks emerging at the nexus of environmental degradation, peace and security.

On 3 January, the leaders of the five permanent members of the UN Security Council (China, France, Russia, the UK and the USA, the P5) jointly stated that a nuclear war cannot be won and must never be fought. It had never been affirmed simultaneously by all five.

WritePeace blog

Language on Indigenous Peoples’ rights should stay in the new global biodiversity framework—for communities, nature and peace

Keeping the role and rights of IPLCs prominent in the new Global Biodiversity Framework could help to ensure that large-scale nature conservation is just, peaceful and effective.

Reducing climate-related security risks and building peace through adaptation

Climate adaptation can reduce conflict risks and support peacebuilding. But this will only work if social factors are given as much attention as the technologies.

Information challenges for humanitarian response to climate shocks in fragile settings

As climate change intensifies, humanitarians working in fragile settings need timely, reliable information in order to mitigate the impacts of extreme weather and longer-term climatic trends on conflict dynamics. They should consider forging long-term partnerships with information providers.

What can we learn from China’s military aid to the Pacific?

The Pacific islands have become the latest front in the geopolitical rivalry between China and the West. This blog explores data and trends in China’s military aid to Pacific island countries over the past two decades, and its possible implications for regional geopolitics.

Taking climate security forward in the OSCE

A Ministerial Decision of the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE) last year opened the door for closer cooperation on climate-change related risks. How could the OSCE and its participating states build on this opportunity?

Backgrounders

This Topical Backgrounder looks at the steps being taken in and beyond Ukraine to measure war-linked environmental damage, hold Russia to account and support green reconstruction, and puts them in an international context.

This topical backgrounder presents several indications that a more regionally grounded, cohesive perspective and approach for Afghanistan is emerging—small seeds from which a sustainable response to Afghanistan’s peace, security and development challenges might grow.

Using information from SIPRI’s database of ATT-relevant cooperation and assistance activities, this Topical Backgrounder provides an updated picture of assistance activities involving countries in the MENA.

This SIPRI Topical Backgrounder provides an overview of the climate-related security risks in the Southern African Development Community (SADC) region, the current discourses on these risks within SADC, and SADC’s institutional architecture and policy responses to climate change.

This topical backgrounder provides an overview of the state of conventional arms transfer controls and small arms and light weapons (SALW) controls in MENA countries.