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Expert Comments

Implications of the reported new activity at North Korea’s Yongbyon nuclear complex

Robert E. Kelley

The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) reported on Friday its conclusion that the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (North Korea) had resumed plutonium production at its nuclear reactor in Yongbyon in early July this year.

Ethiopia’s crisis runs deeper than Tigray

Jason Mosley

International condemnation of the humanitarian disaster unfolding in Ethiopia’s northern region is intensifying as the scale of the emergency becomes clearer. However, the conflict in Tigray is one part of a broader political crisis in Ethiopia, where elections take place on Monday (21 June).

The new EU peace mediation strategy: A step in the right direction on climate issues

Dr Elise Remling and Dr Florian Krampe

With two new documents, the European Union (EU) has officially recognized the relevance of climate change to peace mediation.

The 50th ratification of the Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons

Dan Smith and Ambassador Jan Eliasson

Yesterday Honduras became the 50th state to ratify or accede to the 2017 Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons (TPNW), meaning that the treaty will enter into force on 22 January 2021.

Escalating violence in Nagorno-Karabakh: Local solutions offer the main hope

Dr Ian Anthony

While details remain scarce, the fighting that has erupted between Armenia and Azerbaijan appears to be more intense than the skirmishes that killed at least a dozen people in the summer of 2020. At the time of writing, roughly 100 people, both civilians and military personnel, have been killed since Sunday, and fighting continues. 

The Belarus election: A challenge to stability and security in Northern Europe

Dr Ian Anthony

This SIPRI Expert Comment argues for a restart to dialogue on improving regional security and cooperation to the benefit of the Belarusian people and European security more broadly.

European Union–Eastern Partnership relations: Future opportunities

Dr Ian Anthony

In 2019, when the European Union (EU) and six countries to the east of the EU (Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Georgia, Moldova and Ukraine) marked the 10th anniversary of their Eastern Partnership (EaP), foreign ministers underlined common work on trade, visa liberalization, economic development and human rights that had been encouraged by (or through) the partnership.

The US withdrawal from the Iran deal: One year on

Dan Smith

On 8 May last year, US President Donald J. Trump announced that the United States would pull out of the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA), which sets limits on Iran’s nuclear programme to ensure that it cannot produce nuclear weapons. Despite the US withdrawal, the JCPOA remains in force; it is a multilateral agreement to which seven of the original eight parties still adhere.

Shipping along the Arctic’s Northern Sea Route will be determined by Russia–China cooperation in the region

Ekaterina Klimenko

On 26 January 2018 China’s State Council Information Office published a white paper clarifying China’s vision of the Arctic, its intentions, goals and objectives in the region.

The forgotten science of cooperative threat reduction

Dr Ian Anthony

The announcement that Russia had completed the destruction of its chemical weapons stockpile was rightly applauded as a milestone in multilateral arms control. However, it was also a reminder of the significant part that international non-proliferation and disarmament assistance played in facilitating the implementation of the 1993 Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC).