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Essays

We must strengthen multilateralism in a new era of risk

Margot Wallström and Stefan Löfven

There is an urgent need for the world to come together to address the intertwined environment and security crises, and to deal with the risks they create. This essay draws on research under SIPRI's Environment of Peace initiative and on the authors' own experience of international diplomacy to explore where international cooperation is most needed, and how it could be strengthened.

In a time of competing crises, environmental action matters more than ever

Dan Smith, Dr Geoffrey Dabelko , Caspar Trimmer , Cedric de Coning, Hafsa Maalim, Melvis Ndiloseh and Richard Black

Last week saw the launch of SIPRI’s major policy report Environment of Peace: Security in a New Era of Risk, looking at how to manage the growing risks emerging at the nexus of environmental degradation, peace and security.

The logic of avoiding nuclear war

Dan Smith, Dr Sibylle Bauer and Dr Tytti Erästö

On 3 January, the leaders of the five permanent members of the UN Security Council (China, France, Russia, the UK and the USA, the P5) jointly stated that a nuclear war cannot be won and must never be fought. It had never been affirmed simultaneously by all five.

Russia’s anti-satellite test should lead to a multilateral ban

Nivedita Raju

On 15 November, Russia conducted a direct-ascent anti-satellite (DA-ASAT) test, destroying one of its own space objects, a defunct satellite, in low-earth orbit. The test captured international attention and was quickly and widely condemned as threatening and irresponsible—not least for the cloud of lethal, uncontrollable debris it created, which will endanger both space assets and human spaceflight for years to come.

Security, insecurity and the Anthropocene

Dr Malin Mobjörk and Eva Lövbrand

In this essay, the volume editors present the key themes of their new book Anthropocene (In)securities: Reflections on Collective Survival 50 Years After the Stockholm Conference, published this week by SIPRI and Oxford University Press.

Why is Iran producing 60 per cent-enriched uranium?

Robert E. Kelley

On 13 April, Iran announced its intention to enrich uranium to 60 per cent U-235.

How much of a proliferation threat is Iran’s uranium enrichment?

Robert E. Kelley

Iran’s atomic energy agency announced last week that it had produced 55 kilograms of 20 per cent-enriched uranium in barely four months.

Joe Biden’s arms control ambitions are welcome—but delivering on them will not be easy

Ambassador Jan Eliasson and Dan Smith

A deadly pandemic to control. An urgent nationwide vaccination programme to roll out. An economic crisis to navigate. Political divisions and distrust deep enough to spark mob violence and terrorism. The 46th President of the United States faces a barrage of critical domestic challenges from day one.

No lasting peace without climate security

Dr Florian Krampe

This SIPRI Essay was originally published in the print edition of the East African on 28 November and in the online edition

Diluted disarmament in space: Towards a culture for responsible behaviour

Nivedita Raju

Humankind depends on outer space for numerous services, ranging from telecommunications and navigation to disaster management and national security. While the use of space was once associated only with governments, the private sector has become increasingly involved in providing some of these services.