The independent resource on global security

Security and governance

Security and governance
Fisherman, Bamako. Photo: SIPRI

Many states in West Africa face severe governance problems linked to state weakness, extreme poverty, economic fragility and growing insecurity—issues compounded by climate- security risks and the spread of non-state armed groups. The 2012 northern Mali crisis has become, over the years, a regional multidimensional crisis, spreading to Central Mali and spilling over the borders to Burkina Faso and Niger.

Central Mali for Security and Development

Since 2018, the European Union-funded project ‘Central Mali for Security and Development’ monitors the Central Mali population’s perceptions on security, governance, and socio-economic development.  A quantitative panel survey is conducted every three months across 1800 households in the 15 cercles in Mali’s central regions. In-depth qualitative studies supplement the survey.

Research findings are validated at every stage to provide operative analysis of the local level to national and international stakeholders. To access the recent field survey quarterly reports, please find the links below.

Governance, development and security in the regions of Bandiagara, Douentza, Mopti, San and Ségou (Oct–Nov 2021) – Available also in French (PDF).

Just Future

The Just Future programme (2021–25, funded by the Dutch Ministry for Foreign Affairs) (link) aims to establish a global strategic alliance with civil society organizations to improve the accessibility, responsiveness and accountability of security and justice institutions through mobilizing civil society for collective action and advocacy. As a consortium partner, SIPRI conducts quantitative surveys with its research partners Point Sud in Mali and LASDEL in Niger to better understand the perceptions, needs and expectations of local communities regarding security at the national level. This includes national security programmes, security governance and security sector reform (SSR).

Research & Action for Peace Network

Designed to enable more informed decision making by policymakers in the 18 countries of West Africa and the Lake Chad Basin, SIPRI is implementing a 36-month project in partnership with the West Africa Network for Peacebuilding (WANEP) and the Danish Refugee Council (DRC). This project aims to strengthen the role of civil society in effective peacebuilding and the prevention of violent extremism in West Africa and the Lake Chad Basin by establishing an interactive platform for regional cooperation. The platform will facilitate dialogue among existing expert networks, researchers, think tanks, civil society, implementing partners, regional organizations, and governments.   

Research staff

Dr Virginie Baudais is a Senior Researcher and Director of SIPRI’s Sahel and West Africa Programme.
Dr Pauline Poupart is a Researcher in the SIPRI Sahel and West Africa Programme.
Dr Shourjya Deb is a Researcher in the SIPRI Sahel and West Africa Programme.
Louise Edgren is a Research Assistant in charge of Budget and Finance with the Sahel/West Africa Programme.
Evelina Cristofano is a Research Assistant/Programme Coordinator for the SIPRI Sahel and West Africa Programme.