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EU Military Training Missions: A Synthesis Report

EUTM synthesis paper_cover
Dr Jaïr van der Lijn, Dr Virginie Baudais, Annelies Hickendorff, Paul D. Williams, Igor Acko, Souleymane Maïga, Hussein Yusuf Ali and Paul D. Williams
Publisher: SIPRI
SIPRI, Stockholm:
May, 2022
This paper draws overarching conclusions based on a synthesis of previously published case studies that examined the impact of EU military training missions (EUTMs) in Somalia (EUTM Somalia, 2010–), Mali (EUTM Mali, 2013–), the Central African Republic (CAR) (EUTM RCA, 2016–). It concludes that EUTMs are relevant niche operations. Despite difficult circumstances beyond the control of the missions, EUTM training and advisory efforts have increased the effectiveness of partner armed forces. While these gains have been marginal in CAR and Somalia, they have been a bit more pronounced in Mali. Yet, broader security sector reform and defence sector reform efforts to improve the accountability and governance of defence and security sectors have become bogged down. The main challenge is that EUTMs are generally mandated to implement largely technical and tactical agendas in contexts where the ongoing armed conflict and the politics of the security sector are not conducive to building professional national security forces. As a consequence, EUTMs find themselves caught up in interlinked and partially overlapping dilemmas. This study concludes with seven partly overlapping recommendations to EU member states and to EUTMs to address the main limitations that are restricting the impact of the missions.
Contents

I. Introduction

2. EUTMs and their results

3. Explanatory factors behind the level of impact of EUTMs 

4. Conclusions

5. Recommendations

ABOUT THE AUTHOR(S)/EDITORS

Dr Virginie Baudais is a Senior Researcher and the Deputy Director of SIPRI’s Sahel/West Africa Programme.
Annelies Hickendorff is a Research Assistant with SIPRI’s Sahel and West Africa Programme.
Dr Jaïr van der Lijn is a Senior Researcher and Director of the SIPRI Peace Operations and Conflict Management Programme.
Igor Acko was an independent researcher based in CAR.
Souleymane Maïga is an independent researcher based in Mali.
Hussein Yusuf Ali is an independent researcher based in Somalia.
Paul D. Williams is a professor with the Elliott School of International Affairs at the George Washington University.