The independent resource on global security

The European Union Training Mission in Somalia: An Assessment

EUTM Somalia cover
Paul D. Williams and Hussein Yusuf Ali
Publisher: SIPRI
November, 2020

This SIPRI Background Paper provides an overview of the European Union Training Mission in Somalia (EUTM Somalia) and assesses its impact on Somalia’s conflict dynamics since it was established in 2010. It is part of a larger SIPRI project analysing the effectiveness of the EU’s training missions in Somalia, the Central African Republic and Mali, and forms the first of three country-specific papers. All three papers will feed into a synthesis paper that will offer a comparative analysis of the missions and recommendations for the way forward.

The paper analyses EUTM Somalia’s main training and advisory activities before assessing its political and operational impacts. It then summarizes the main factors that account for the mission’s successes and limitations, and sketches three future scenarios for the mission.

It concludes that EUTM Somalia had a positive political impact on the EU’s relationship with the Federal Government of Somalia and the African Union. However, the mission’s impact on Somalia’s conflict dynamics was very limited until 2019, when a direct link was finally established between EUTM Somalia training and operational deployment of Somali units in offensive and stabilization operations.

Contents

I. Introduction

II. Background

III. EUTM Somalia’s activities

IV. The impact of EUTM Somalia 

V. Explanatory factors behind the impact of EUTM Somalia

VI. The future of EUTM Somalia

VII. Conclusions

ABOUT THE AUTHOR(S)/EDITORS

Paul D. Williams (United Kingdom/United States) is a professor in the Elliott School of International Affairs at the George Washington University.
Hussein Yusuf Ali (Finland/Somalia) is an independent researcher based in Somalia.