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Responsible Military Use of Artificial Intelligence: Can the European Union Lead the Way in Developing Best Practice?

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Publisher: SIPRI
November, 2020

The military use of artificial intelligence (AI) has become the focus of great power competition. In 2019, several European Union (EU) member states called for greater collaboration between EU member states on the topic of AI in defence. This report explores why the EU and its member states would benefit politically, strategically and economically from developing principles and standards for the responsible military use of AI. It maps what has already been done on the topic and how further expert discussions within the EU on legal compliance, ethics and technical safety could be conducted. The report offers concrete ways for the EU and its member states to work towards common principles and best practices for the responsible military use of AI. 
 

Contents

1. Introduction

2. The European Union and the responsible military use of artificial intelligence

3. The European Union as a leader in best practices

4. Key findings and recommendations

ABOUT THE AUTHOR(S)/EDITORS

Luke Richards is a Research Assistant working on emerging military and security technologies.
Laura Bruun is a Research Assistant working on emerging military and security technologies.
Netta Goussac is an Associate Senior Researcher within SIPRI’s Armament and Disarmament research area.
Dr Vincent Boulanin is a Senior Researcher on emerging military and security technologies.