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SIPRI Yearbook 1993

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SIPRI yearbook 1993 cover
Oxford University Press

How have the arms control events of 1992 responded to the unprecedented opportunities for building new security arrangements? The end of the cold war, with the dismantling of the Soviet Union and other totalitarian regimes in Central and Eastern Europe, opened new prospects but also gave rise to new threats and challenges. Important questions concerning developments in the military sector must be asked. How should we deal with these new challenges? What are the prospects for a more stable international order? The twenty-fourth edition of the SIPRI Yearbook presents detailed information on arms and arms control issues. The Yearbooks attract world-wide attention and are used by governments, arms control negotiators, United Nations delegations, parliaments, scholars, students, the media, and citizens as unique and indispensable reference works.


The SIPRI Yearbook 1993 highlights the links between the environment and international security and emerging armed conflicts, and describes the new UN peace-making and peace-keeping efforts. It analyses the new security arrangements for Europe and the implementation of the recent sweeping nuclear and conventional arms reduction treaties. It examines the post-Soviet threats to security and reports on the work of the UN Special Commission on Iraq. It documents recent developments in biotechnology and genetic engineering, and US military technology. The Yearbook continues SIPRI's review of the latest developments in nuclear weapons, world military expenditure, the international arms trade and arms production, chemical and biological weapons, major armed conflicts in 1992 and conventional arms control in Europe, and presents SIPRI's annual chronology of events related to important world security issues.


Introduction: parameters of change

Adam Daniel Rotfeld


Part I. The environment and security, 1992

1. The environment, security and development

Gro Harlem Brundtland

Appendix 1A. Resource scarcity and environmental security

Richard H. Moss

Appendix 1B. The United Nations Conference on Environment and Development


Part II. Global and regional security and conflicts, 1992

2. Preventive diplomacy, peace-making and peace-keeping

Roger Hill

Appendix 2A. An Agenda for Peace

3. Major armed conflicts

Ramses Amer, Birger Heldt, Signe Landgren, Kjell Magnusson, Erik Melander, Kjell-Åke Nordquist, Thomas Ohlson and Peter Wallensteen

Appendix 3A. Major armed conflicts, 1992

Birger Heldt and Erik Melander

4. Post-Soviet conflict heritage and risks

Vladimir Baranovsky

Appendix 4A. Chronology of conflict developments in the former USSR, 1992

Shannon Kile

5. The CSCE: towards a security organization

Adam Daniel Rotfeld

Appendix 5A. Key CSCE documents in 1992


Part III. Weapons and technology proliferation, 1992

6. Nuclear weapon developments and proliferation

Dunbar Lockwood and Jon Brook Wolfsthal

Appendix 6A. Nuclear explosions, 1945–92

Ragnhild Ferm

7. Chemical and biological weapons: developments and proliferation

Thomas Stock

Appendix 7A. Benefits and threats of developments in biotechnology and genetic engineering

Tamas Bartfai, S. J. Lundin and Bo Rybeck

8. Military technology and international security: the case of the USA

Eric H. Arnett and Richard Kokoski

Appendix 8A. Military satellites launched in 1992

John Pike


Part III. Military expenditure, arms production and trade, 1992

9. World military expenditure

Saadet Deger

Appendix 9A. Military expenditure in the Central and East European countries

Evamaria Loose-Weintraub

10. Arms production and arms trade

Ian Anthony, Paul Claesson, Elisabeth Sköns and Siemon T. Wezeman

Appendix 10A. The 100 largest arms-producing companies, 1991

Ian Anthony, Paul Claesson, Gerd Hagmeyer-Gaverus, Elisabeth Sköns and Siemon T. Wezeman

Appendix 10B. Tables of the value of the trade in major conventional weapons

Ian Anthony, Paul Claesson, Gerd Hagmeyer-Gaverus, Elisabeth Sköns and Siemon T. Wezeman

Appendix 10C. Register of the trade in and licensed production of major conventional weapons in industrialized and developing countries, 1992

Ian Anthony, Paul Claesson, Gerd Hagmeyer-Gaverus, Elisabeth Sköns and Siemon T. Wezeman

Appendix 10D. Sources and methods

Appendix 10E. An overview of the arms industry modernization programme in Turkey

Gülay Günlük-Senesen

Appendix 10F. The United Nations Register of Conventional Arms

Herbert Wulf

Appendix 10G. Documents on arms export control, 1992


Part V. Arms control and disarmament, 1992

11. Nuclear arms control

Dunbar Lockwood

Appendix 11A. Documents on nuclear arms control

12. Conventional arms control in Europe

Jane M. O. Sharp

Appendix 12A. The Vienna confidence- and security-building measures in 1992

Zdzislaw Lachowski

Appendix 12B. The Treaty on Open Skies

Richard Kokoski

Appendix 12C. Documents on conventional arms control in Europe, 1992

13. The United Nations Special Commission on Iraq: activities in 1992

Rolf Ekéus

14. The Chemical Weapons Convention: the success of chemical disarmament negotiations

J. P. Perry Robinson, Thomas Stock and Ronald G. Sutherland

Appendix 14A. The Convention on the Prohibition of the Development, Production, Stockpiling and Use of Chemical Weapons and on their Destruction



Annexe A. Major multilateral arms control agreements

Ragnhild Ferm

Annexe B. Chronology 1992

Ragnhild Ferm