The independent resource on global security

Environment of Peace: Security in a New Era of Risk

Environment of Peace cover
Publisher: SIPRI
SIPRI, Stockholm:
May, 2022

The environmental crisis is increasing risks to security and peace worldwide, notably in countries that are already fragile. Indicators of insecurity such as the number of conflicts, the number of hungry people and military expenditure are rising; so are indicators of environmental decline, climate change, biodiversity, pollution and other areas. In combination, the security and environmental crises are creating compound, cascading, emergent, systemic and existential risks. Without profound changes in approach by institutions of authority, risks will inevitably proliferate quickly.

Environment of Peace: Security in a New Era of Risk surveys the evolving risk landscape and documents a number of developments that indicate a pathway to solutions––in international law and policy, in peacekeeping operations and among non-governmental organizations. It finds that two principal avenues need to be developed: (a) combining peacebuilding and environmental restoration, and (b) effectively addressing the underlying environmental issues. It also analyses the potential of existing and emerging pro-environment measures for exacerbating risks to peace and security. The findings demonstrate that only just and peaceful transitions to more sustainable practices can be effective––and show that these transitions also need to be rapid.

Environment of Peace: Security in a New Era of Risk offers policy principles and recommendations for navigating this new era of risk. A longer report setting out the evidence base in detail will be published later this year.

Read more about the Environment of Peace initiative here and visit the Environment of Peace report website.

Contents

Foreword

Executive summary

1. Two crises and a deficit

2. A new era of risk

3. A just and peaceful transition

4. Foundations of a new security

5. Towards an Environment of Peace

Conclusion

ABOUT THE AUTHOR(S)/EDITORS

Dr Geoffrey Dabelko is an Associate Senior Fellow with SIPRI’s Environment of Peace Initiative.
Noah Bell is a Project Assistant for SIPRI’s Environment of Peace initiative.
Dr Kyungmee Kim is a Researcher at SIPRI’s Climate Change and Risk Programme.
Jürg A. Staudenmann is a Seconded Expert for the Environment of Peace initiative.
Emilie Broek is a Research Assistant with SIPRI’s Climate Change and Risk Programme.
Evelyn Salas Alfaro was an intern in the SIPRI Peace and Development Programme.
Claire McAllister is the Project Lead for the Environment of Peace 2022 initiative.
Andrea Gadnert is Project Assistant for SIPRI’s Environment of Peace 2022 initiative.
David Michel was a Senior Researcher with SIPRI’s Environment of Peace 2022 initiative.
Dr Farah Hegazi is a Researcher in SIPRI’s Climate Change and Risk Programme.
Dr Elise Remling is an Associate Researcher with SIPRI’s Climate Change and Risk Programme.
Anniek Barnhoorn is a Research Assistant with SIPRI’s Climate Change and Risk Programme.
Jakob Faller is a Research Assistant to the Director of SIPRI.
Elizabeth Smith was a Research Assistant with the SIPRI Climate Change and Risk Programme.
Karolina Eklöw was the Coordinator of the Environment of Peace initiative at SIPRI.
José Francisco Alvarado Cóbar was a Research Assistant in the SIPRI Peace and Development Programme.
Dr Florian Krampe is the Director of the Climate Change and Risk Programme.
Dan Smith is the Director of SIPRI.
Daniel Bell-Moran

is an Environmental Studies Master’s candidate at Ohio University’s Voinovich School of Leadership and Public Service where he is researching the conflict potential of biofuel projects.

Richard Black

is an Honorary Research Fellow at the Grantham Institute, Imperial College London. Former science and environment correspondent for BBC News. From 2014–20 he was Director of the Energy and Climate Intelligence Unit think tank.

Joshua Busby

is an Associate Professor of Public Affairs at The University of Texas LBJ School. He is on leave in 2021-22, serving as a Senior Advisor for Climate at the US Department of Defense.

Cedric de Coning

is a Research Professor in the Research Group on Peace, Conflict and Development at the Norwegian Institute of International Affairs (NUPI). He co-directs the NUPI Center on United Nations and Global Governance, and the Climate, Peace and Security Risk project.

Alexis Eberlein

is a Voinovich Scholar at Ohio University’s Voinovich School of Leadership and Public Service and a Political Science student in the Honors Tutorial College.

Hafsa Maalim

works as the Partnership Officer in the African Union Commission within the Office of the Commissioner, Department of Political Affairs, Peace and Security. Prior to assuming this role, she served as an Analyst in the same department and also with International IDEA. Hafsa has a background in law with a focus in international law.

Melvis Ndiloseh

is CEO of the Foundation for Peace and Solidarity (FPS), a Cameroon-based non-profit. She is also a Senior Lecturer at the International Relations Institute of Cameroon, University of Yaounde II.

Corey Pattison

is a Program Manager at the UN Environment Programme and former Social Development Specialist at the World Bank focusing on the intersection of climate change, fragility, conflict and violence.

Caleb Ray has a dual degree Juris Doctor / Master of Global Policy Studies candidate at the University of Texas at Austin focusing on sustainable development.