- Armament and disarmament
- Conflict, peace and security
- Peace and development
Arms transfers to the Americas, particularly to South America, have risen sharply in recent years. The United States is by far the biggest armsproducing and arms-exporting state, but other states in the region have production and export capabilities. Illicit transfers of small arms and light weapons can have a particularly destabilizing effect on all states in the region, but various steps have been taken to tackle this problem.
A number of transparency and confidence-building measures have been developed in the Americas. But the increase in arms imports to the region means that states must be more consistent in their engagement with these mechanisms in order to limit the potential for mistrust or misunderstanding.
II. Arms transfers to and from states in the Americas
III. Transparency in arms transfers