The independent resource on global security

Climate change and risk

Plains in Kenya. Photo: Shutterstock
Plains in Kenya. Photo: Shutterstock

The predicted impacts of climate change are becoming increasingly visible. Environment and climate-related risks—including extreme weather events, water scarcity and the failure to adapt and mitigate climate change—are among the top risks the world faces. Policymakers, researchers and the public increasingly recognize the need to address climate-related security risks through cooperation and dialogue. 

SIPRI’s work on climate change and risk provides reliable insights on how climate-related security risks evolve and how they are interlinked and interact with different social, political and economic processes. SIPRI researchers also analyse how different policy organizations are responding to these risks and provide advice on conflict-sensitive adaptation, mitigation strategies and how international efforts for sustaining peace can be achieved. 

SIPRI’s Climate Change and Risk Programme is involved in a number of cross-cutting research themes, exploring topics such as gender, and issues such as food security, energy security and the Anthropocene. The Programme also looks closely at institutional responses in organizations such as the African Union, the European Union and the United Nations. The research takes place within the frameworks initiatives like the Stockholm Climate Security Hub and the Environment of Peace.


Climate change and security. Photo: Unsplash

This project aims to deepen knowledge on how, when and why climate-related security risks arise, and how these risks can be mitigated, strengthening human security and long-term sustainable peace (Sustainable Develop Goals 13 and 16).

Anti-desertification sand fences south of the town of Erfoud, Morocco

This project aims to critically examine how the dynamics of geopolitics, human security and global environmental change interrelate in an epoch referred to as ‘the Anthropocene’.

Lake Turkana Wind Project, 11 October 2015. Photo: Wikimedia Commons/George Garang

This project  investigates the changing livelihood conditions around the Omo-Turkana Basin—a lake basin in southern Ethiopia and northern Kenya which supports over 5 million people.

Stockholm Climate Security Hub

The hub aims to provide research and analysis assisting Sweden and other countries to deal with the risks of climate change for human security, peace and sustainable development.

Farm, Tasmania, Australia. Photo: Unsplash

This project focuses on the linkages between food, security and climate change. It is part of a larger effort by SIPRI and WFP to better understand the role of food security in peacebuilding