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SIPRI Background Papers

ATT-related Activities in Latin America and the Caribbean: Identifying Gaps and Improving Coordination

This paper draws from an online database 'Mapping ATT-relevant Cooperation and Assistance Activities' built by SIPRI and the UN Regional Centre for Peace and Disarmament in Africa in 2015 to cover sub-Saharan Africa, and expanded by SIPRI and the UN Regional Centre for Peace, Disarmament and Development in Latin America and the Caribbean in 2016 to cover Latin America and the Caribbean.

Military Capabilities in the Arctic: A New Cold War in the High North?

Climate change is making the Arctic region—and its expected natural resources—more accessible. Overlapping claims by the five Arctic littoral states—Canada, Denmark, Norway, the United States (all of which are members of NATO) and Russia—have raised concerns about future conflict in the region and have stimulated new thinking about the security situation in the Arctic. All five states started to strengthen their military presence and capabilities in the Arctic even before the rise in tensions between Russia and NATO members observed since 2014.

ATT-related Outreach Assistance in Sub-Saharan Africa: Identifying Gaps and Improving Coordination

National implementation of the Arms Trade Treaty (ATT) will require states to strengthen their arms transfer control systems and to implement measures for preventing and addressing the diversion of conventional arms, particularly small arms and light weapons (SALW). Many states will require financial and technical assistance to help them with this process. This need is particularly acute in sub-Saharan Africa where many states have been severely affected by the illicit trade in, and proliferation of, SALW.

Ukraine and Black Sea Security

The Black Sea region is experiencing a changing military balance. The six littoral states (Bulgaria, Georgia, Romania, Russia, Turkey and Ukraine) intensified their efforts to build up their military potential after Russia’s takeover of Crimea and the start of the internationalized civil war in eastern Ukraine in 2014.

Georgia and Black Sea Security

The Black Sea region is experiencing a changing military balance. The six littoral states (Bulgaria, Georgia, Romania, Russia, Turkey and Ukraine) intensified their efforts to build up their military potential after Russia’s takeover of Crimea and the start of the internationalized civil war in eastern Ukraine  in 2014.

Bulgaria and Black Sea Security

The Black Sea region is experiencing a changing military balance. The six littoral states (Bulgaria, Georgia, Romania, Russia, Turkey and Ukraine) intensified their efforts to build up their military potential after Russia’s takeover of Crimea and the start of the internationalized civil war in eastern Ukraine in 2014.

Turkey and Black Sea Security

The Black Sea region is experiencing a changing military balance. The six littoral states (Bulgaria, Georgia, Romania, Russia, Turkey and Ukraine) intensified their efforts to build up their military potential after Russia’s takeover of Crimea and the start of the internationalized civil war in eastern Ukraine  in 2014.

Implementing the Arms Trade Treaty: Building on Available Guidelines and Assistance Activities

The Arms Trade Treaty (ATT) entered into force on 24 December 2014. The ATT creates a range of obligations for states parties in the field of arms transfer controls and many will require assistance with treaty implementation. Recognizing these needs, the ATT suggests areas where international cooperation and assistance might be focused and mechanisms through which it might be carried out.

Norway's Controls on Arms Exports to China

Despite the imposition of Western arms embargoes on China in 1989, China’s efforts to modernize its defence forces’ industrial and technological capabilities have continued to benefit from the transfer of military-relevant Western goods and technologies, including military goods, dual-use items (goods and technologies that have the potential to be used in both civilian and military products) and other non-controlled items.

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